7 Types of Learning Disabilities That May Ensure Your Child’s Special Education Eligibility

Is your child with autism struggling with academics and you are concerned that they may have a learning disability? Would you like to know about different kinds of learning disabilities so that you can advocate for special education eligibility that your child requires to benefit from his or her education? This article will discuss 7 common type of learning disabilities and some signs and symptoms of each.

1. Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in nature. A few of the common signs are: difficulty with accurate fluent word recognition, poor spelling, poor decoding, does not understand that words come apart, and can be broken down. This difficulty tends to result from a deficit in the phonological component of language. Also difficulty in reading comprehension, reading is labored and does not flow easily.

Some parents are being told by some special education personnel that their children cannot have Dyslexia because they do not switch their letters. This is a myth and actually does not occur with a lot of children with dyslexia. Dyslexia is more related to being able to break down and understand language.

2. Central Auditory Processing Disorders (CAPD) is a disorder where a child can hear fine but the information gets mixed up in side the child’s brain. For Example: You may tell your child to go get her hat and she comes out with her boots. Some parents think this is defiance but if what you say gets scrambled, the child cannot respond appropriately. This has major educational implications as much of teaching is done verbally!

3. Visual Processing Disorders is similar to the above but what gets mixed up is visual information not verbal. While some teaching is done verbally a lot of teaching is done with books and reading material. Imagine how crazy it can get for the child if everything they read gets scrambled! Also major educational implications.

4. Dysgraphia is when a person struggles with forming letters or writing within a defined space. Some children with disabilities have poor handwriting but this goes beyond that. The child does not remember how to make the letters and then physically struggles to do so. Assistive technology is a great way to help a child benefit from their education, if they have dysgraphia.

5. Dyscalculia occurs when a person has trouble solving math problems and grasping math concepts. If a child is given appropriate instruction in math but still cannot grasp basic concepts it may be due to Dyscalculia.

6. Non Verbal learning disabilities is a specific disorder which originates in the right hemisphere of the brain. This causes difficulties with visual spatial, organization, and executive function areas.

7. Written Language disability is when a child cannot grasp sentence structure and also cannot put their thoughts and ideas into words. Many children with disabilities also have a written language disability. One sign is that the child’s writing assignments seem immature and do not match the way the child speaks. It is critical that a child with this disability be taught appropriately so that they can write papers etc. If they do not learn this skill it will keep them from post school learning.

What is very interesting in the last several years is that many children have begun to be diagnosed with several disabilities, not just one. Some children with autism may be later diagnosed with Dyslexia, or Central Auditory Processing Disorder or other learning disabilities. By understanding and having knowledge of these 7 common LD’s may help you advocate for your child.

Auditory Dyslexia

Auditory dyslexia, otherwise known as “dysphonetic dyslexia,” is a more common type of dyslexia than visual dyslexia. It is a learning disability that involves phonological processing issues. If you have this condition, you will have a difficult time distinguishing individual letter sounds (or phonemes) within words. Although auditory dyslexics can pick up sounds, their brain has difficulty making sense of the sounds they hear.

The most common dyslexia sign of this type is the inability to follow verbal instructions or directions. Other symptoms include: poor spelling, mistaking R and L sounds, constantly needing information to be repeated, slow response in conversations, and saying, “What” or “Huh” frequently. If you are suffering from auditory dyslexia, you will definitely be averse to vowels, which have two different sounds or are silent letters in some letters. Remembering one sound for each is hard enough for you! Students with this condition struggle the most in school as their problems are almost always coupled with visual dyslexia. Dyslexia prevents them from performing at par with children in their academic level. Simple instructions during class exercises are tough to deal with and often cause dyslexic students confidence issues.

It is always advisable to seek professional help when it comes to children who may be perceived to have learning difficulties. You must realize, of course, that learning disabilities caused by processing problems may not always be attributed to dyslexia. Hearing impairment, attention deficit disorder (ADD) and other neurological learning disabilities must first be ruled-out before testing and treating your child for dyslexia. Auditory Dyslexia and ADD are two very different conditions, although they are initially determined by similar symptoms of poor memory, short attention spans, and poor pronunciation, among others. Also, dyslexia and ADD are highly correlated and if there are learning issues, both conditions should be screened. Thus, it is imperative to have the child assessed to determine the appropriate treatment.

The condition in adults is also a serious condition. Adults face a great obstacle in employment opportunity and almost no career advancement. Therefore, evaluation and treatment is as important for adults as it is for children.

Fortunately, testing, training and treatment centers are available to provide the necessary professional assistance for dyslexics. Treatment for auditory dyslexia concentrates on phonemic awareness. The teacher employs games that first gauge the specific needs of the dyslexia students. This education is geared towards enabling the students to learn, say, identify, spell, recognize and read letters.

If you have auditory dyslexia, there are also strategies you can employ in the workplace to make you more efficient. You can ask your boss and co-workers give directions or instructions one at a time. If possible, you should be given instructions slowly, clearly and in a quiet area. You can also use a Dictaphones if you need to confirm instructions. It is likewise advisable to ask your boss to allow you to repeat the instruction for him/her to verify whether you understood it correctly. Most importantly, ask your boss to write down important instructions to ensure that no detail will be overlooked. There are many technology tools that you will find useful in dealing with your condition on a daily basis, concerning auditory dyslexia.

Is Auditory Processing Disorder Affecting Your Child With Autism in Special Education?

Does your child with autism struggle to understand verbal information? Do you sometimes think that your child must not be listening enough, because they always mix up verbal directions? Have you heard of Auditory Processing Disorder and wonder if your child has it? This article will be discussing APD, diagnosis and possible characteristics of this disorder.

It is important to understand that many disabilities have Co Morbid conditions that may occur with them. For example: a child with Autism may also have Sensory Integration Disorder, ADHD, learning disabilities and also Auditory Processing Disorder. By having knowledge of all disabilities that a child has, you will be able to advocate for appropriate needed special education services.

Auditory Processing Disorder is the inability to attend to, discriminate among, or understand auditory information. Language is developed by children by listening. When auditory skills are weak, the child may experience auditory overload; which makes learning much more of a challenge.

Also much of school learning is done verbally, which puts the child with this disorder at a terrible disadvantage!

Here are a few characteristics and symptoms of APD:

1. Has normal hearing but has difficulty in the reception (receiving) and interpretation of auditory information. Trouble making sense of what he or she hears.

2. May have difficulty staying on task.

3. May look around for visual cues, since they do not understand directions.

4. Responds fairly well in quite situations but may have great difficulty listening in noisy environments.

5. May have difficulty telling the difference between words that sound familiar.

6. May have difficulty remembering information in the order it was said?

7. May be visually alert.

8. May perform poorly on tests requiring verbal language information.

9. May have difficulty working independently.

10. Inconsistent performances.

If your child is showing some of these signs, you may refer them to your special education personnel in your school district, for an Audiological evaluation. Most school districts do not have Audiologists on staff, so they would have to pay for the evaluation for you to take your child to a private Audiologist (if they agree of course-though some hearing officers have given parents Independent Educational Evaluations at public expense, if the school district refuses to evaluate a child in all areas of suspected disability).

A complete Audiological evaluation includes all of the following:

1. Referral

2. Case History

3. Complete Audiological Evaluation

4. AP test battery

5. Results of whether the child has the disorder; and any recommendations for needed special education services or equipment.

Use this information to refer your child for an evaluation if you think that your child may have this disorder. Auditory processing Disorder negatively affects a child’s education, but with appropriate special education services and equipment, your child can continue to learn and have a bright future!