5 Areas of Special Education Testing and Test Recommendations to Help Your Child

Do you have a child with autism or a learning disability that will be receiving special education testing from your school district’s school psychologist? Would you like to know what areas should be covered, as well as a small list of tests, that may help determine your child’s educational needs? Then this article is for you, because it will be discussing areas that children in special education need to be tested in, and particular tests that you could ask for.

Area 1 and test recommendations: Occupational Therapy: A VMI should be done on any child with fine motor issues. VMI stands for Visual Motor Integration and deals with eye hand coordination. A Bender Gestalt Visual-Motor Integration test or the Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration could be used.

Also if your child has issues with sensory integration they should receive a Sensory Integration Praxis Test by a qualified Occupational Therapist who has successfully completed a USC/WPS Comprehensive Program on Sensory Integration.

Many school OT’s are not specifically trained in the area of sensory integration, and cannot make a diagnosis of Sensory Integration Dysfunction. If you are offered a sensory profile for your child, say no and ask for a SIPT test by a qualified Occupational Therapist. The sensory profile is for screening only not as a diagnostic tool.

Area 2 and Test Recommendations: Speech and Language: CELF test is the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals and tests the child in all areas of language development. The areas of Receptive, Expressive, Language Structure, and memory are tested. The Goldman Fristoe test is used for articulation. Make sure that your child’s language ability is tested not just their speech ability. Lack of language can affect your child’s ability to learn to read.

Area 3 and Test Recommendations: Central Auditory Processing Disorder can affect children’s ability to learn to read. The Reading Reflex can be used to determine an auditory processing deficit. The TOVA can also be used to help diagnose a central auditory processing disorder.

Area 4 and Test Recommendations: Testing for Dyslexia. Many children who struggle with reading have undiagnosed Dyslexia. Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. Dyslexia results from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to the child’s ability.

The CTOPP which is the Comprehensive Test of Phonological Processing can be used in this area. This test assesses phonological awareness, phonological memory, and rapid naming.

Other areas to be tested include letter knowledge, reading comprehension, reading fluency, and spelling. For these the Reading Comprehension subtest of the Wechler Individual Achievement Test could be used.

Area 5 and Test Recommendations: Every child with a disability should be tested for adaptive skills and functional skills. Many school districts us a Vineland to test for adaptive skills, which is appropriate for younger children. For older children over 11, I would recommend the Scale of Independent Behavior because it addresses adaptive areas, that apply to older children including job readiness.

The tests mentioned in this article are only recommendations. Check on the internet for other tests that may test the same areas. An independent evaluator can also help in this area, as they probably will be aware of different types of testing. Stand up for your child and make sure that every area of educational need is tested and educational services offered.

18 Accommodations and Modifications For Child in Special Education With Auditory Processing Disorder

Are you concerned that your child in special education may have Auditory Processing Disorder, because they seem not to understand verbal communication? Has your child with autism already been diagnosed with this disorder? Would you like to learn what accommodations and modifications can be given at school, to help your child with their education? This article will discuss 18 accommodations and modifications that you can ask for as you advocate for your child who receives special education services.

Auditory Processing Disorder is the inability to attend to, discriminate among, or understand auditory information. This does not mean that your child cannot hear, but that what they hear gets mixed up in their brain. This disorder causes many educational difficulties for children, which can be helped by accommodations and modifications.

Accommodations are defined as: Changes made in how a student accesses and demonstrates learning, and adjustments made to the presentation to or response from the student that does not change the content or the intended outcome. In other words an accommodation, is a change in presentation or in how the child responds, but does not change the content itself.

Modifications are defined as: Changes in what a student is expected to learn and demonstrate, and changes in content, requirements, and/or expectations. You should be careful that modifications are as minimal as possible so that expectations for learning can remain high!!

Accommodations:

1. Reduce or minimize auditory distractions
2. Reduce or minimize visual distractions
3. Flexible preferential treatment
4. Provide isolated area in the classroom for independent work
5. Make sure that the teacher has your child’s attention before giving verbal information or directions
6. Use visual clues, outlines, organizers and study guides as needed
7. Use technology to give visual clues (overheads, computers, etc)
8. Provide teacher notes
9. Use manipulative’s
10.Provide alternative test taking options
11.Extend testing time
12.Use an FM system
13. Use ear plugs to reduce distractions

Modifications:

1. Reduce language level or reading level of assignments
2. Adjust difficulty level and length of assignments
3. Provide alternative grading system
4. Avoid penalizing for spelling errors
5. Read test to student (this could be a accommodation, but it does change the expectations, so I included it in modifications)

By knowing what accommodations and modifications are available that could be used to help your child learn, you can advocate for these. A child with Auditory Processing Disorder can learn with special education services as well as accommodations and modifications.

Infant Education – Manifestation of Divine Powers in Infants Intellect

Swami Vivekanand’s supernatural eidetic memory or photographic memory is well known to the modern world. He just by reading a book once, used to get the essence of what it contains. He used to read pages instead of sentences and was able to recite the complete text thus read by him without mistaking a single word as he has got the immense power of eidetic  imaginary or photo memory. He also had an immense power of auditory memory which helped him to remember the conversation of any unknown language. He was once appeared as a witness in the court of law, as an eye witness to a conversation listened to south indian language between the complainant and the accused. After several months though he did not know the language he was able remember due to his auditory memory and said the exact conversation like a tape recorder which saved an innocent man from the bars.

1) Channelize your babies inner potentials

Infants have unlimited repository of subconscious energy . An ordinary man spends his average life of about fifty years in eating over 33 tonnes and sleeping for almost half his life span. If parents realizes this fact and endeavors to arouse and properly channelize the potentials in every second of their child’s life, he/she can attain supernormal talents or divine powers and become immortal in history.  

Parents should ensure to provide early education to channelize the inner potentials . Great care will have to be taken that unformed virtues are not rejected as faults. The wildness and recklessness of many young natures are only the overflowing of an excessive physical energy or strength or greatness which can be tapped to mental energy by awakening the brain cells through Infant education and Yoga. 

2) Manifestation of Divine Powers in Infants

Some people think that extraordinary talents are God-gifted destined qualities brought since the time of birth or such potentials are the results of boons and blessings of divine souls. This is not true. Every baby is a born genius but we spend the first six years of their lives degeniusing them. Moulding the right way at the early age through infant education will solve many future problems of memory deficiencies. 

What is stimulating to your baby is not necessarily what you might think of as stimulating.Remember that what your baby’s brain is doing is forming connections based on experience, so in fact events which are repeated over and over are considered to be a stimulation for your baby. Your input as a parent is vital and a stimulating environment will help your babies brain to grow. The following are the two kinds of stimulation you can provide to you baby.

 a) Visual Stimulation

 b) Auditory Stimulation

The visual stimulation ,auditory stimulation, will also improve the somatosensory system by recognition and interpretation or perception of sensory stimuli based chiefly on the brain cells connectivity  to change and re-organize to form new connections and it is called as neuroplasticity. Which means that the synapses unions between the neurons get solidified the more often the respective neurons “talk” or “communicate” with each other. 

Some suggestions of natural brain stimulation are as follows.

a) The natural auditory stimulation can be done through singing to your child  when you change your baby’s nappy  or when you feed.

b) Take your baby to the park  and show your baby the leaves,ducks ,pond,flowers,birds etc.,

c) Pedal the legs when you are dressing her or changing her cloths.

 To make the cells communicate with each other we need to stimulate the brain cells by providing new information in the form of visual and auditory mode as infants always grasp anything novelty.